独立成分相关分析的自适应故障监测方法
Adaptive fault detection method based on correlation analysis of independent component
摘要点击 27  全文点击 27  投稿时间:2017-10-09  修订日期:2018-04-08
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DOI编号  10.7641/CTA.2018.70725
  2018,35(9):1331-1338
中文关键词  独立成分分析  粒子群算法  隐马尔科夫模型  相关性评估  自适应因子  故障检测
英文关键词  Independent Component Analysis  particle swarm optimization algorithm  Hidden Markov Model  correlation evaluation  adaptive factors
基金项目  国家自然科学基金项目(61573137)资助.
学科分类代码  
作者单位E-mail
王培良 湖州师范学院信息与控制技术研究所 wpl@zjhu.edu.cn 
叶晓丰 杭州电子科技大学新型电子器件与应用研究所  
杨泽宇 杭州电子科技大学新型电子器件与应用研究所  
中文摘要
      工业过程数据具有动态、非高斯等特性。独立成分分析(independent component analysis, ICA) 既可以分析 数据的非高斯形式,又可以极大地去除多变量间的耦合且满足独立性要求。本文引入粒子群算法优化ICA模型参 数,自适应地确定独立成分个数。同时,提出一种基于隐马尔科夫链模型(hidden markov model, HMM) 的自适应 检测限设计方法,将时间相关数据块的特征信息变化作为过程故障的检测依据。首先利用由时间窗方法确定的独 立成分组成监测矩阵来训练HMM模型,旨在提高独立成分间相关性水平的表示能力;然后将得到的HMM 模型 对监测矩阵进行相关性评估,并在一定容许裕度的基础上设计评估值的自适应因子及检测限,并据此监测特征信 息变化,动态地进行在线故障检测。最后, TE 仿真平台的实验结果表明了所提方法的有效性。
英文摘要
      Industrial process data has dynamic, non-Gauss characteristics. The independent component analysis (ICA) not only can analysis the non-gauss data, but also be able to remove the coupling among the multi-variables and meet the independent requirement. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is introduced in this paper to optimize the parameters of ICA model, and the independent components are adaptively determined by negative entropy maximization. Meanwhile, a new adaptive detecting limit based on hidden markov model (HMM) is put forward to monitor the industrial process, which pays attention to the change of feature information in correlated data blocks. In this proposed method, the independent components in a time window are seemed as the basic unit to train the HMM model, which is contributes to describe correlation evaluation information. With the evaluation value, an adaptive factor and detecting limitation which are based on the acceptable margin are designed to track the change of feature information and monitor the process online dynamically. Finally, the experimental results of the TE simulation platform show the effectiveness of the proposed method.