带厚尾噪声的鲁棒Student’s t容积滤波器
Robust Student’s t based cubature filter with heavy tailed noise
摘要点击 33  全文点击 85  投稿时间:2017-11-14  修订日期:2019-04-07
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DOI编号  10.7641/CTA.2019.70830
  2019,36(7):1174-1181
中文关键词  非线性状态估计  厚尾噪声  Student’s t 分布  三次幂球径容积准则  鲁棒Student’s t 容积滤波器
英文关键词  Nonlinear state estimation  heavy tailed noises  Student’s t distribution  third-degree spherical radial cubature rule  robust Student’s t based cubature filter
基金项目  航空基金项目;“十二五”航空支撑计划;海军总装项目
学科分类代码  
作者单位E-mail
程然 中国航空工业集团公司雷华电子技术研究所 842773450@qq.com 
缪礼锋 中国航空工业集团公司雷华电子技术研究所  
王婷婷 中国航空工业集团公司雷华电子技术研究所  
中文摘要
      为了解决带厚尾过程和量测噪声的非线性状态估计问题, 本文提出了新的鲁棒非线性滤波器. 首先, 对带厚尾噪声的非线性系统进行了数学建模, 并推导出了基于Student’s t 近似的鲁棒非线性滤波器(Robust Student’s t based nonlinear filter, RSTNF)的一般结构. 其次, 针对RSTNF 中涉及到的含有关于Student’s t 分布的多维非线性函数积分求解问题, 提出了基于Student’s t 分布的三次幂球径容积准则(Student’s t spherical-radial cubature rule, STSRCR), 并在此基础上, 设计了新的鲁棒Student’s t 容积滤波器(Robust Student’s t based cubature filter, RSTCF). 最后, 利用目标跟踪仿真验证了本文提出的带厚尾噪声的RSTCF 的有效性以及与现有方法相比的优越性.
英文摘要
      In this paper, a new robust nonlinear filter is proposed to solve the problem of nonlinear state estimation with heavy tailed process and measurement noises. Firstly, the nonlinear state space model with heavy tailed process and measurement noises is constructed. On this basis, a robust Student’s t based nonlinear filter (RSTNF) can be derived. Secondly, a new third-degree Student’s t spherical radial cubature rule (STSRCR) is proposed to calculate the Student’s t weighted integral in RSTNF, from which a new robust Student’s t based cubature filter (RSTCF) can be obtained. Finally, the efficiency and superiority of the proposed RSTCF with heavy process and measurement noises, as compared with existing methods, are shown in the simulation of target tracking.