低风速风力机最大风能追踪的互补滑模控制
Complementary sliding mode control for maximum wind energy tracking of low wind turbines
摘要点击 36  全文点击 42  投稿时间:2018-10-21  修订日期:2019-03-30
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DOI编号  10.7641/CTA.2019.80812
  2020,37(1):129-136
中文关键词  风力机  最大功率点跟踪  互补滑模控制  风能捕获效率  转速跟踪误差
英文关键词  Wind turbine  Maximum power point tracking  Complementary sliding mode control  Wind capture efficiency  Speeding tracking error
基金项目  湖南省自然科学基金青年项目(2019JJ50619), 湖南省教育厅科技项目(17C1536), 湘潭大学博士启动项目(11KZ|KZ08069), 湖南省重点学科
学科分类代码  
作者单位邮编
夏亚平 湘潭大学信息工程学院 411105
刘德 湘潭大学信息工程学院 
李芮宇 中国舰船研究设计中心 
刘培 湘潭大学信息工程学院 
中文摘要
      针对风力机系统在最大功率点跟踪(MPPT)阶段易受风速等不确定因素的影响, 为了进一步提高风力机风能捕获效率, 本文在滑模控制的基础上提出了一种互补滑模控制方法. 首先, 建立了含有干扰项的风力机系统的线性化模型, 采用广义滑模面与互补滑模面相结合的方法设计了互补滑模控制器, 并在理论上证明了此控制方法能够有效保证风力机转速跟踪误差的收敛性, 且能提高转速跟踪精度. 其次, 采用风力机专业仿真软件FAST对美国可再生能源实验室(NREL)的600KW风力机进行了仿真实验, 结果表明本文所提出的控制方法不仅能提高风力机的风能捕获效率, 而且能有效抑制抖振. 最后, 将本文所提方法与现有常见的几种控制方法相比较发现: 风力机系统在互补滑模控制策略下, 具有更高的风能捕获效率和更小的转速跟踪误差.
英文摘要
      In the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) stage,the wind turbine system is susceptible to wind speed and other uncertainties, in order to improve the MPPT efficiency of wind turbines, a complementary sliding mode control method based on sliding mode control is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the linearized model of wind turbines with disturbance is established. A complementary sliding mode controller is designed by combining generalized sliding surface and complementary sliding surface. It is proved theoretically that this control method can effectively guarantee the convergence of rotor speed tracking error of wind turbines and improve the tracking accuracy of rotor speed. Secondly,the 600KW wind turbine of the Renewable Energy Laboratory of the United States (NREL) is used to simulation by the professional simulation software FAST. The simulation results show that the proposed control method can not only improve the MPPT efficiency of wind turbines, but also effectively suppress chattering. Finally, the method proposed in this paper is compared with several common control methods, it is found that the higher MPPT efficiency and smaller rotor speed tracking error can be achieved under the complementary sliding mode control strategy.