引用本文:潘红光,张莹婷,折洋洋,杨勇.城市污水处理过程污泥膨胀识别与抑制综述[J].控制理论与应用,2024,41(5):798~807.[点击复制]
PAN Hong-guang,ZHANG Ying-ting,SHE Yang-yang,YANG Yong.Review on identification and suppression of sludge bulking in municipal wastewater treatment process[J].Control Theory and Technology,2024,41(5):798~807.[点击复制]
城市污水处理过程污泥膨胀识别与抑制综述
Review on identification and suppression of sludge bulking in municipal wastewater treatment process
摘要点击 3185  全文点击 87  投稿时间:2022-06-03  修订日期:2022-12-08
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DOI编号  10.7641/CTA.2023.20488
  2024,41(5):798-807
中文关键词  污泥膨胀  活性污泥法  城市污水处理过程  识别  抑制
英文关键词  sludge bulking  activated sludge process  municipal wastewater treatment process (MWWTPs)  identification  suppression
基金项目  国家自然科学基金项目(51905416, 51804249), 西安市科技计划项目(2022JH–RGZN–0041), 陕西省秦创原“科学家+工程师”队伍建设项目(2022 KXJ–38), 能源化工过程智能制造教育部重点实验室开放课题项目(2020ACOCP03), 陕西省科技厅自然科学研究计划项目(2021JQ–574), 陕西省 教育厅科学研究计划项目(20JK0758)
作者单位E-mail
潘红光* 西安科技大学 hongguangpan@163.com 
张莹婷 西安科技大学  
折洋洋 西安科技大学  
杨勇 西安科技大学  
中文摘要
      污泥膨胀是活性污泥法污水处理过程中常见的一类异常工况, 且具有严重危害性, 研究污泥膨胀的识别和抑制方法对城市污水处理过程正常运行意义重大. 本文主要针对城市污水处理过程中污泥膨胀的识别和抑制方法进行综述. 首先, 文章概述了城市污水处理过程, 介绍了污泥膨胀的概念、主要特点、类型和成因; 其次, 概述了基于微生物生理特征、机理模型、图像识别和数据驱动的污泥膨胀识别方法, 分析其发展现状并指出优缺点; 然后, 概述了基于过程调控和机理特征的污泥膨胀抑制方法, 分析其发展现状并对比优缺点; 最后, 总结全文, 指出了城市污水处理过程污泥膨胀识别和抑制面临的主要问题, 并对其研究趋势进行了展望.
英文摘要
      Sludge bulking is a common abnormal process in activated sludge wastewater treatment and has serious harm. It is of great significance to study the identification and suppression methods of sludge bulking for the normal operation of municipal wastewater treatment. In this paper, the identification and suppression methods of sludge bulking in the process of municipal wastewater treatment are summarized. Firstly, the urban wastewater treatment process is summarized, and the concept, main characteristics, types and causes of sludge bulking are introduced. Secondly, the sludge bulking identification methods based on the microbial physiological characteristics, mechanism model, image recognition and data driven are summarized. The development status of sludge bulking identification methods are analyzed and their advantages and disadvantages are pointed out. Then, the sludge bulking suppression methods based on the process regulation and mechanism characteristics are summarized. The development status of sludge bulking suppression methods are analyzed and their advantages and disadvantages are compared. Finally, the full text is summaried, and the main problems in the identification and suppression of sludge bulking are pointed out and the research trend is prospected.