无人驾驶飞行器姿态的非线性扰动抑制控制
Nonlinear disturbance rejection control of unmanned aerial vehicle attitude
摘要点击 1272  全文点击 485  投稿时间:2014-06-06  修订日期:2015-01-05
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DOI编号  10.7641/CTA.2015.40523
  2015,32(4):456-463
中文关键词  无人驾驶飞行器  姿态跟踪控制  四元数  非线性广义预测控制律  非线性干扰观测器
英文关键词  UAV  attitude tracking control  quaternion  nonlinear generalized predictive controller  nonlinear disturbance observer
基金项目  国家自然科学基金项目(61221003)资助.
学科分类代码  
作者单位E-mail
黄廷国 上海交通大学 自动化系
系统控制与信息处理教育部重点实验室 
tingguohuang@163.com 
王璐 上海交通大学 自动化系
系统控制与信息处理教育部重点实验室 
 
苏剑波 上海交通大学 自动化系
系统控制与信息处理教育部重点实验室 
jbsu@sjtu.edu.cn 
中文摘要
      本文研究了无人驾驶飞行器(unmanned aerial vehicle, UAV)的姿态跟踪控制问题. 针对在飞行器姿态跟踪时存在的系统模型不确定性和外界扰动, 提出了一种基于四元数的姿态跟踪控制方法, 基于UAV的姿态误差模型分别设计系统的观测器和控制器. 首先, 以四元数为姿态参数建立系统的非线性误差模型; 在此基础之上, 设计一种非线性干扰观测器(nonlinear disturbance observer, NDOB)用以在线估计误差模型中的复合扰动, 并在控制输入端进行相应的补偿. 然后通过设计非线性广义预测控制律设镇定误差系统, 实现姿态跟踪. 最后基于频域理论分析了非线性干扰观测器的扰动抑制性能. 仿真与实验结果表明本文提出的方法在系统存在复合扰动的情况下能使系统姿态有效的跟踪期望值.
英文摘要
      In this paper, the attitude tracking control problem of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is investigated. To deal with the model uncertainty and external disturbance, we propose an attitude tracking control method by which the controller and observer is designed respectively, based on the attitude error model, Firstly, according to the attitude dynamics of the servo system with quaternion as attitude parameters, the nonlinear error model is built. After that, the nonlinear disturbance observer (NDOB) is employed to online estimate the unknown compound disturbance and make compensation to the control input. Then, a nonlinear generalized predictive controller is designed to stabilize the error system and realize the attitude tracking. Finally, the performance of NDOB is analyzed by using the theory of frequency domain. The simulation and experiment results suggest that in the case of compound disturbance, the proposed method guarantees the system attitude to accurately track the desired value.